A landlord in Waterloo was ordered by a municipal fire inspector to replace all
smoke detectors in the bedrooms of his apartment building with heat detectors.
While it is unconventional to install interconnected smoke detectors within
bedrooms, the landlord intended to provide a higher level of fire safety in the
apartment building than that required by the Fire Code.
The landlord prohibited smoking in the rental units, but in direct contravention of
their lease agreements, tenants were smoking in the bedrooms. Because smoke
detectors were installed in the bedrooms, the tenants’ activity triggered regular
false alarms. To avoid false alarms, the tenants were then taking increasingly
extreme measures to disable the smoke detection system.
While there was some dispute about how the fire inspector ended up carrying out
an inspection at the property, an inspection did take place and resulted in the
order for the replacement of the smoke detectors.
The Fire Safety Commission, on appeal, accepted the evidence of the fire
inspector that people tend to grow complacent about fire safety in the face of
frequent false alarms and that such complacency extends beyond those triggering
the false alarms to tenants through the entire building. The Commission also
accepted that people are more likely to tamper with fire safety systems in an effort
to minimize false alarms. As a result, the Commission agreed it was necessary in
the interests of fire safety for the smoke detectors to be replaced. See Gondosch v. Waterloo Fire Rescue, 2016 CanLII 102465 (ON FSC).
In light of this decision, landlords are reminded of their ability (and obligation, in
some cases) to terminate a tenancy under the Residential Tenancies Act for
interference with the landlord’s lawful right and interest (N5); impaired safety (N7);
and illegal acts (N6), all of which could have applied in this case. Had the
landlords acted promptly in addressing the tenants’ behaviour, the costs of
replacing the fire safety equipment may have been avoided.
If you have a situation where tenants are engaging in the type of behaviour
described above, consider the findings of the Commission in this case and act
promptly to stop the behaviour or end the tenancy before the tenants’ liability
becomes your own.